Noun Accusative Definition and Examples


Noun:

Accusative

Pronunciation:

/əˈkjuːzətɪv/

Definition:
1.

adjective

(in Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives which expresses the object of an action or the goal of motion.
  1. 'So long as the payoff phrase is not actually a subject (even though it's interpreted as the subject), the basic case rule would predict accusative case.'
  2. 'The accusative has thus two forms: the definite (with accusative ending) and the indefinite (the same as the nominative).'
  3. 'This claims that ‘syllabus’ originally occurred as a misprint of a Greek accusative plural in a fifteenth century edition of Cicero.'
  4. 'One of the leading ideas of the analysis is that the structural accusative position has wide scope with respect to the agent relation expressed by the head of the voice phrase.'
  5. 'An m or n might be represented by a macron above a preceding vowel (poet for poetam, the accusative form of Latin poeta, poet) Omitted letters might be indicated by a suspension sign: the APOSTROPHE in M'ton, short for Merton.'
  6. 'The Greek preposition had several meanings, depending on whether it governed the accusative, genitive, or dative case.'
  7. 'It is the Gaulish cognate of Latin rex, whose stem is/reg /, as we see in forms such as the accusative singular regem and the nominative plural reges.'

noun

A word in the accusative case.
  1. 'Nouns have no gender & end in o; the plural terminates in oj (pronounced oy) & the accusative, on (plural ojn).'
  2. 'Followed by accusative and infinitive (anqrwpouß einai).'
  3. 'Recall the fictional judge objecting to splitting in court, in one of the Rumpole stories; he used an accusative in a gerund object, even for a pronoun,'
  4. 'Gildersleeve and Lodge also point out that the Romans sometimes took the accusative of the Greek word to be the stem.'
  5. 'Or putting the adjectives in the genitive case, instead of the accusative, as in ‘I will take the chalice of salvation’?'
  6. 'Classical Mongolian had seven cases, all clearly distinguished, in contrast to Latin: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and comitative.'
((n.) The accusative case.)



Examples:

The accusative indicates directionality, that is, movement towards a certain place.
Example: to express direction, we add "n" to the end of a word; so "tie" (= in that place), "tien" (= to that place); in the same way we say "la birdo flugis en la ĝardenon, sur la tablon", and the words "ĝardenon" and "tablon" have here the accusative form not because the preposition "en" and "sur" need it, but because we want to express direction, that is to show that the bird at the beginning wasn't in the garden or on the table and so it was flying, but that from another place it flew to the garden or on the table (we want to show that the garden and the table weren't the place of the flight, but the destination of the flight). In those cases we use the final "n" regardless of the fact that there's a preposition or not.
Tired of being the subject of the accusations from Tom, Mary fled to France, whose language has no accusative case.
To show direction, the words take the accusative ending.
In lieu of the preposition "je" one can also use the accusative without a preposition.

Origin:
Late Middle English: from Latin ( casus) accusativus, literally ‘relating to an accusation or (legal) case’, translating Greek (ptōsis) aitiatikē ‘(the case) showing cause’.

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