Noun Accusative Definition and Examples




(n.) The accusative case.


The accusative indicates directionality, that is, movement towards a certain place.
Example: to express direction, we add "n" to the end of a word; so "tie" (= in that place), "tien" (= to that place); in the same way we say "la birdo flugis en la ĝardenon, sur la tablon", and the words "ĝardenon" and "tablon" have here the accusative form not because the preposition "en" and "sur" need it, but because we want to express direction, that is to show that the bird at the beginning wasn't in the garden or on the table and so it was flying, but that from another place it flew to the garden or on the table (we want to show that the garden and the table weren't the place of the flight, but the destination of the flight). In those cases we use the final "n" regardless of the fact that there's a preposition or not.
Tired of being the subject of the accusations from Tom, Mary fled to France, whose language has no accusative case.
To show direction, the words take the accusative ending.
In lieu of the preposition "je" one can also use the accusative without a preposition.

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